The keep-to-let trend is becoming more and more popular among private homebuyers in the Netherlands.
According to Kadaster (public land register), homeowners owned roughly 62.000 homes for keep-to-let, and 75.000 residences were purchased as an investment in the last ten years. However, the gap between these two property types is narrowing as keep-to-let grows and buy-to-let shrinks. In 2021, the change in the transfer tax from 2% to 8% reduced the number of buy-to-let transactions. In 2023, the transfer tax to buy to let increases to 10.1%.
The most significant benefit of keeping your property is that the rental income is not taxed because the property moves from box 1 (taxable income: employment and owner-occupied home) to box 3 (capital tax: savings and investments). Also, keeping the property doesn't involve substantial additional costs. Furthermore, the rental property moves from box 1 (work and income) to box 3 (assets).
The financing conditions, such as interest rates and repayment, change because it is no longer an owner-occupied home, so the bank's exposure increases.
Interest paid is not tax-deductible.
When you rent out a property, you must think about the tenancy agreement, what rights and obligations the tenants have, how to determine the amount of the rent, etc. A certified real estate agent can assist you in estimating the expected rent and finding a tenant.
The return on your investment depends on numerous factors, including the rent, financing, and maintenance costs.
Mortgage rates for keep-to-let properties are higher than those for owner-occupied properties, and the difference, as a rule of thumb, is roughly 1%. Because you can never borrow 100 per cent of the property's worth, a ten-year fixed interest rate is currently around 2.5 per cent. You can also reduce the monthly payments to the lender by changing the duration back to 30 years.
When you transfer a residential mortgage to a keep-to-let mortgage, you pay an early repayment penalty to your existing mortgage lender. Your new lender repays the existing mortgage with your new keep-to-let mortgage. The prepayment penalty depends on a few factors:
The fixed term of your rate at your current lender.
The mortgage rate.
The difference between your interest rate and the current interest rates.
Mortgage lender terms.
Purchase protection is a popular topic these days. The big cities aim to protect the real estate market by implementing new regulations.
For example, big cities such as Amsterdam and Rotterdam introduced the pruchase protection act
The self-occupancy obligation in 16 neighbourhoods of Rotterdam for people who buy a house with a WOZ value of up to 405.000 euros.
Purchase protection in Amsterdam for rental purposes below a WOZ value of 533.000 euros.